Exemplory case of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is a unique sort of art that can help to know the present-day history also to know how the primary tendencies of social development in past times were created.
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The aesthetics of classicism, which developed in Western European culture at the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules additionally the axioms of plot construction, reflecting the thought of orderliness and excellence associated with universe, nature and culture.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half for the eighteenth century was meant to show and educate on examples and pictures that can cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the proven fact that all evil can be overcome.
In our literature as much as the start of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the same goal: in order to make society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality additionally the rules of human behavior. How to achieve this goal into the philosophy of classicism were understood to be the assertion of this supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were predicated on a clear division of creative styles and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies where the basis regarding the plot is definitely important historical occasions, and actors – the gods and strongest for this globe, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were caused by the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could simply be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance regarding the unity of the time, place, action and guidelines of constructing tragedy and drama with visibility, zygote, growth of action, culmination and resolution limited the likelihood of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and impact, quality expression associated with the primary notion of the work. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to use the way of creative expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image associated with inner world of man and their closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel records can be found in the literature. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and managed to make it more democratic: the interest of both writers and visitors was the fate of a regular person, clear, near, causing interest and compassion.
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Thus, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be as follows:
- The subject of the image in the works of classicism are very important, significant activities that determine the fate of an individual who is obliged to obey the established order as well as the determined course of events.
- In the middle of attention of authors – sentimentalists – the inner world of heroes, with the capacity of deeply feel and experience.
- Classicism is really a literary trend where the foundation of this artistic method may be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
- Sentimentalism does not have such a division, because its task would be to educate the sensory faculties, using a wide range of visual opportinity for this purpose.
- The key genres of classicism are the epic poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic tale, comedy, satire and fable.
- Genres characteristic of sentimentalism are a novel, letters, diaries, travel records.
- Classicalism argued educational tips in line with the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
- Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
- They thought that educating a single individual, it is possible to increase the whole society.